By Muhanmmad Ashraf Bhutta

SARGODHA, Sept 29 (APP)::The live nations do not remain oblivious of their past, present and the future, if you want to destroy any nation, first make it unaware about its brilliant past, it will automatically avoid future concerns.

The outdated education system is preparing shipments of depressed generation that are miles away about the future concern. We have tragic and inspirational stories of past days of scattered cities, towns and population.

It is must for us to know about them. But public attention is unmatched by these historical heritages. Tehsil Sahiwal also counts in the same heritage of district Sargodha but neither government nor the people have given importance to the historical asset.

Tehsil Sahiwal district Sargodha has folded thousand years old history at the foot. Who was responsible for its deterioration and extinctive history of this Castle like city? Are historical places recognizable of the city?

According to the research of the archeologists, Tehsil sahiwal is settled before BC. But it continued to deteriorate with the passage of time. Its centuries old ruins, mounds and other artifacts prove that this region was repeatedly destroyed;
however, the present city Sahiwal was inhibited about 570 years ago.

The tribe Jhammat was inhibited here for the last 22 generations, and Sahiwal
was named after the name of a person Sahi of Jhammat Tribe. Two hundred years later after the establishment of city Sahiwal another Baloch tribe dominated here,
it entered into the region from Arabia via Iran (Kharasan).

There are six gates at the intersection of the city that are renowned for their architecture. These doors are called Lahori Darvaza that is known as Khooni Darvaza( When Ranjeet Singh invaded the city and bloodshed occured near
the Lahori Gate so it was caled Khooni Gate), Kashmiri Darvaza (Door), Peshawari Darvaza also called Jhammati Darvaza, Kabli Darvaza, Mastana Dargahi Darvaza and Multani Darvaza.

Now Sahiwal city has spread, however, the old city is surrounded by strong wall and only the inner gates of the city have to be used for mobility. The walls and entrances round the city remain for centuries due to strong and ancient
architecture but due to unlawful encroachment by the citizens the beauty of
the city has faded.

Before the emergence of Pakistan, Sahiwal was the center of Hindu traders. Hindu community lived along with Muslims in it and there were many temples and Hindu worship places in the city.

The idols in the dunes and ruines also indicate that Hinduism was the earliest religion of the region.

After the emergence of Pakistan, the Hindus migrated to India but their worship places and houses of the Hindu community are still here. Sahiwal was considered the only city where the tombs belonging to the Hindus still exist.

An exploration of history reveals that Sher Shah Soori was here in the pursuit of Hamayun and stayed here and during his stay he constructed a Mosque, later it was known as Sher Shah Soori Mosque.

Geographically, Sahiwal was spread on big area consisting of three big mounds was located on the brink of River Jhelum. The name of the biggest mound of the
ruins was known as Panj Peer, and there was a sitting place of a saint named Hayat Almeer on top of Mound.

The second mound interprets 2500 old culture of the city whereas the third mound is called Gardwani Marri having much ancient Hindu civilization. After digging there were found signs of Hindu Temples, shrines and residential areas.

According to archeologists the city Sahiwal was already inhibited when Alexander attacked the subcontinent. The inhabitants of the destroyed city together with the army of Raja Porus tried to stop the mounting steps of Alexander the Great.    

Being on the brink of river Jhelum, people used to farm, transaction occur under Barter System. In the West side of the dunes there were signs of a huge cave which was supposedly the entrance door to the wrecked city. Despite the public humiliation and climatic change there is still a 70 foot high mound there.

With reference to history, Nehang, an area of Sahiwal has much importance. Tibba Panj Peer situated in Nehang was denoted by the name of renowned saint Hayat Almeer.

The place Panj Peer was the center of attention for the people, furthermore, an Urs has been celebrated here on January 15, 16 every year. There are 9 yards graves besides Hayat Almeer.

It is interesting to note there saints were not tall in stature but the pilgrims of Panj Peer used to make long graves to highlight the importance of their Saints. For Hindus, these graves had much importance because of their faith they used to attribute them to five Pandas. 

A resident of Sahiwal,Muhammad Arslan Touseef said it was an historic city and the artifacts must be preserved for the future generations. He said, “beside preservation of historical legacy,Sahiwal city seeks attention of the concerned authorities for provision of basic facilities like education, health infrastructure and other basic facilities.”