CPEC: Gwadar emerging as immense trade, energy-transportation hub, to economise landlocked states

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CPEC: Gwadar emerging as immense trade, energy-transportation hub, to economise landlocked states
CPEC: Gwadar emerging as immense trade, energy-transportation hub, to economise landlocked states

Dr. Saeed Ahmad Ali

LAHORE, Sep 22 (APP):The China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) project intends to build Pakistan’s most needed infrastructure and boost its economy by constructing modern transportation networks, setting up of Special Economic Zones (SEZ) and numerous energy projects.

Geo-strategically, CPEC project is located between three key important landlocked regions of the globe including economically emerging and rich-resourced Central Asia, oil-rich Western Asia and thickly populated South Asia.

 After globalization, digital technology is transforming the world into global-digital-village in the real sense of modern technology usage, and regional integration is a key aspect of this information mechanism.  

If make a comparison of Central and South Asia is made, the earlier is rich in oil and gas resources, while the later is a region developing at a rapid pace, and its internal energy resources are insufficient. 

Therefore, the construction of physical-infrastructural linkages and increase in trade volume among the Asian regions including West Asia, Central Asia, South Asia and Western China will be mutually beneficial. 

In this connection Pakistan`s Gwadar deep sea-port has outshined with multi prospects to emerge as regional trade and energy transportation hub. Sources in the Board of Investment (BoI) told APP about the possible profit statistics in the head of toll collection, that if completed till 2030, the CPEC toll income would be three times the budget of Pakistan.

 A document of United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) which maintains the Energy Statistics Database reveals that China’s annual crude oil imports from OPEC countries during 2019 increased to an average of 10.1 million barrels per day (b/d), which was an increase of 0.9 million b/d as compared to the 2018 average import. 

China remains the world’s top crude oil importer, surpassing the United States in 2017.
China’s new refinery capacity and strategic inventory stockpiling, combined with flat domestic oil production, were the major factors contributing to the increase in China’s crude oil imports in 2019.According to the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) Annual Statistical Bulletin (ASB) estimates, 79.4 percent of the world’s proven oil reserves are located in OPEC Member Countries, with the bulk of OPEC oil reserves in the Middle East, amounting to 64.5 percent of the OPEC total.It may be mentioned here that OPEC’s proven oil reserves currently stand at 1,189.80 billion barrels.

Lahore Federation of Pakistan Chamber of Commerce and Industries (FPCCI) president Mian Anjum Nisar told APP that the setting up of economic zones and upgrading the industrial sector would bring industrialisation revolution in the country, adding these mega projects would be set up under the 2nd phase of CPEC. After becoming fully operational Gwadar would become a harbinger of massive export import activity and a gateway to both the Persian Gulf and Central Asian countries, he noted. 

Nisar said that the energy-transportation would engage the economic partnership of around 64 countries in Asia and Europe and the Middle East. CPEC was a hope of the whole region as an advanced future while strengthening a modern economy based on peace and prosperity, he said.

He said that the newly established Rashakai Special Economic Zone (SEZ), under CPEC, would create employment opportunities for the local youth which would further contribute to the socio-economic development of all provinces including Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

Similarly, any item produced at Rashakai SEZ, being developed in a public-private partnership, would easily be exported to Afghanistan and Central Asian Republics (CARs) and adjoining regions due to its proximity to Torkham (Pak-Afghan) Border, he replied to a question.

The sources in the Ministry of Planning and Development informed APP that a network of roads and highways in connection with the CPEC project was being constructed all over the country.

Due to proximity and the accessible connectivity of the newly constructed roads linked with Gwadar would help reach the shipment in a minimum time with a shortest distance cover, they said adding that the shipment and all items from SEZs would easily be exported to the required regions or destinations.

Therefore, this was a great milestone that has been achieved by both Federal and KPK governments, they added.Mohammad Shoaib a local businessman said that China was the second huge economy at the global business forums and markets, and around 50 percent Chinese business and trade activity around the globe was carried out through the South China sea-route.

To ensure its industrial production’s consumption China needs a small, secure, and low-cost path to trade with Europe, Middle East and Central Asia, he said. China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is a feasible solution to meet international minimum time delivery marketing standards.

And of course this project would be having a direct impact on the whole region’s economy,  in terms of  swift trade, transport-cost and travel time, he stressed. President, Lahore Chamber of Commerce and Industries (LCCI)  Irfan Iqbal Sheikh in a chat with APP said that post COVID-19 situation has significantly affected the global economy and trade patterns, which has absolutely transformed the nature of global business by reshaping international economies.

The European Union has long been exercising the command and control influence on global trade, by running and operating at a very large surplus volume, he added. 

He noted that China as the world’s second largest leading economy was an increasingly relevant competitor of Europe and USA in third markets, particularly in Latin America.